JAN SHIKSHAN SANSTHAN – AHMEDABAD
(INSTITUTE OF PEOPLE’S EDUCATION)
Ministry of Human Resource Development
First Floor, Co.Op.Store Bldg., Opp. School of Languages, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-380 009
GUJARAT, India. Phone : +91-79-26307499
Jan Shikshan Sansthan, Ahmedabad was established in 1975-76. It was the second oldest institutions among all the Jan Shikshan Sansthan in India. The first Shramik Vidyapith was established in Mumbai in 1965. Since 1976 Shramik Vidyapith, Ahmedabad (Now onward 2000 Jan Shikshan Sansthan) is working under the aegis of Gujart University.
The chairman of this institution is the Hon. Vice-Chancellor of Gujarat University.
- The population explosion, industrial development and migration of people from rural to urban areas have resulted in the very fast growth of the urban sector in the country. Rapid urbanization has created many socio-economic problems making life miserable, particularly for migrants and deprived communities who normally live in inhuman conditions in the slums, on pavements, in settlement colonies, labour colonies etc. Many are first generation migrants exposed to the stark realities of complex urban life and the industrial milieu. Similar conditions affect people living in the peripheral rural areas who have links with the neighbouring urban agglomerations for employment, business, services etc.
- Lack of education and skills - both vocational and technical, have left migrants unemployed/under-employed. Even those who have got jobs in factories/industries/ business establishments receive a meagre sum as wage/salary and hence, they are frequently unable to make both ends meet. Many, particularly youth, have fallen prey to anti-social elements. An urgent need therefore exists for specialised education integrated with awareness and functional improvement for such people.
- Adult education is vitally important for these groups to improve their lives, decrease their dependency, increase their work efficiency and sharpen their capabilities for adaptation to social, economic and technological changes in the midst of their lives and work. The educational and vocational needs of these deprived sections constitute a specialised area of continuing education demanding its own strategy, institutional arrangements and techniques.
- Relating this need and growing urbanization to the coming decades, the then Ministry of Education and Culture, Government of India, started a scheme of Shramik Vidyapeeths - a programme of Adult Education for Workers in Urban and Industrial areas. In the context of the country's overall development, this programme was conceived as responding to the educational and vocational training needs of numerous groups of adults and young people. Men and women belonging mostly to the unorganized, urban informal sector, living and working in urban and industrial areas and persons who have been migrating from rural to urban settings, were expected to derive substantial benefits from such a scheme.
- The first Shramik Vidyapeeth was established in Mumbai (Worli) in the year 1967 and gradually the number increased to 17 up to 1983, to 40 in 1986 and to 58 by the end of VIII Five Year Plan i.e. 1996-97. These institutions have already proved to be one of the best vocational adult education centers in the country and the courses offered by these institutions are in popular demand. Today, SVPs offer around 225 different types of vocational training programmes ranging from candle and agarbatti making to computers.
- The implementation of the scheme of Shramik Vidyapeeths was evaluated by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai in 1993. This exercise of evaluation came after the scheme completed nearly 25 years of existence. The objective of the evaluation was mainly to throw some light on the impact of the Shramik Vidyapeeth programmes and to make suitable suggestions regarding the desirable initiatives the Shramik Vidyapeeths should take in the future. TISS submitted its final report at the end of 1993. Some of the findings of the evaluation were:
- As long as Shramik Vidyapeeths remain committed to the deprived sections of the society with its tailor-made programmes of polyvalent education, they have all the justification to exist as institutions outside the formal system and deserve financial support from the government;
- The skill-oriented programmes of the Shramik Vidyapeeths are largely directed towards enabling the beneficiaries to be engaged in self-employment;
- The Shramik Vidyapeeth scheme has the potential to equip individuals with the skills required to be gainfully employed;
- None of the existing organisational structures is in itself against the interests of the scheme of Shramik Vidyapeeths. Shramik Vidyapeeths can function effectively as autonomous, non-autonomous or semi-autonomous institutions.
- Keeping in view the findings of the evaluation, Shramik Vidyapeeths have been strengthened with enhanced annual grants.
- Mass Campaigns for literacy in India have been essentially campaigns for social mobilization for awakening and arousing people in all walks of life. As people's participation in Literacy Campaigns begin to increase, their involvement in socio-economic activities also becomes more meaningful. More than 85% of the country has been covered by the Literacy Campaigns and over 150 million learners in 9-25 age group, of whom about 62% are women have been brought within its ambit. Literacy has become a significant instrument of empowerment for the poor, neo-literates and oppressed groups.
- Hitherto, the scheme of Shramik Vidyapeeths was restricted to urban/semi-urban industrial areas. Keeping in view the changing literacy scenario in the country and the large number of neo-literates to be covered under Continuing Education [in which skill development/ up gradation is a part], the activities of Shramik Vidyapeeths are proposed to be enlarged to provide academic and technical resource support to Zilla Saksharata Samities [District Literacy Committees] in taking up vocational and skill development programmes for neo-literates in both urban and rural areas and also to organize equivalency programmes through Open Learning Systems.
- To facilitate the playing of a better role, the institutions will now be renamed as Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) - Institute of People's Education (IPE).
- Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) is conceived as an institute for conducting skill up gradation in the areas of programmes of Non-formal, Adult and Continuing Education. It would also provide academic and technical resource support to Zilla Saksharata Samitis in both urban and rural areas.
- Thus Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) represents an institutional framework for offering Non-formal, Adult and Continuing Education programmes to disadvantaged groups. Their activities would, therefore, include:
- JSS would offer vocational and skill development programmes for neo-literates in both industrial/urban and rural areas;
- JSS would organize training programmes for key resource persons, master trainers and trainees in vocational courses and also for neo-literates;
- The pogrammes would be based on the polyvalent or multi-dimensional approach to adult education;
- The polyvalent approach attempts to provide knowledge and skills in an integrated manner and rests on the following principles:
- a worker/ neo-literate must have continuous access to education and training throughout his life;
- each programme should be need-based;
- since needs vary widely, programmes have to be
- # diversified
- # flexible
- # adaptable to varying situations
- The Polyvalent approach takes into account:
- learning needs
- convenience of place and time for learners and instructors
- variety in
- # contents
- # duration
- # methods
- # instructional arrangements
- The methodology includes
- practicals; and
- field work experience.
- To improve the occupational skills and technical knowledge of the neo-literates and the trainees and to raise their efficiency and increase productive ability;
- To provide academic and technical resource support to zilla saksharata samities in taking up vocational and skill development programmes for neo-literates in both urban and rural areas;
- To serve as nodal continuing education centres and to coordinate, supervise and monitor 10-15 continuing education centres/nodal centres;
- To organize training and orientation courses for key resource persons, master trainers on designing, development and implementation of skill development programmes under the scheme of Continuing Education for neo-literates;
- To organize equivalent programmes through Open Learning Systems.
- To widen the range of knowledge and understanding of the social, economic and political systems in order to create a critical awareness about the environment.
- To promote national goals such as secularism, national integration, population and development women's equality protection and conservation of environment etc.
A remarkable Working method in Educational Field: Anyone from society can join the institute of peoples' education. Ther